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a mixture of 1/4th and one half of Calcium Sulfate, 2 Teaspoons of Sodium Alginate, 1 Teaspoon of Crushed Epsom Salts, 1 Teaspoon of Potassium Chloride (salt substitute) and 3 drops of Visine Extra (peg 400). I am able to increase the voltage to 2 volts by adding 1/4th teaspoon of Lithium and 1/4th teaspoon of Benzotriazole (an ion booster). Using a mixture of 1/4th and one half of Calcium Sulfate, 2 Teaspoons of Sodium Alginate, 1 Teaspoon of Crushed Epsom Salts, 1 Teaspoon of Potassium Chloride (salt substitute) and 3 drops of Visine Extra (peg 400). I am able to increase the voltage to 2 volts by adding 1/4th teaspoon of Lithium and 1/4th teaspoon of Benzotriazole (an ion booster). Powdered Graphite also seems to boost the energy flow and further experiments will yield the best amount to use. Benzotriazole has a 2 fold effect, it boosts the ionic flow and it helps hold together the graphite in the paste. When adding graphite without the Benzotriazole, the tan paste “crumbles” away and has no stability. This means using more magnesium (which comes from magnesium) with 1.5 parts calcium gypsum sulfate and 2 parts sodium alginate, which is than placed next to a cotton/fiber tissue type membrane (similar to a thin filter). This gives us a rough ratio of 10 parts tan paste to 1 part fiber/paper. This results in a long term smooth stable ionic electron flow. Substances perfect for the center or electrolyte are sodium alginate, potassium chloride and lysine. The salt substitute I am using contains potassium chloride as well as a small amount of lysine. Lysine also bonds well with sodium alginate. The calcium gypsum sulfate mixed with the sodium alginate creates the solid rubbery gel like structure.

Another substance that has high ionic conductivity is polyethylene glycol and propylene glycol. Ethylene and Glycol both have high dielectric constants, which make them excellent conductors of the DC voltage being generated by the ions. These are found in skin lubricants and eye drops, such as visine eye drops. I add only 3 drops of visine to make the tan paste. The sodium alginate I use in my batteries can withstand heat up to 150 degrees or more without melting. These are notes associated with the image shown above on this page.

The goal of this device when complete is to keep it air sealed as much as possible, similar to the principles of the Moray Radiant Energy Tube Device, which uses the same principles as a vacuum tube.

The solid magnesium rod is prepared before hand by scraping away the exterior clean of dirt and corrosion. Next groves are cut in the top and 99% silver wire is attached to serve as the negative electrode.

Around this magnesium rod a thin paste of petroleum jelly is applied, including the top and bottom.

Next one turn of fiber, nylon, cotton or other form of flexible cellulose with a porous texture is saturated with sodium silicate ( a polyelectrolyte anion) and than wrapped around the magnesium rod and allowed to air dry.

After this has dried a “tan paste” consisting of the following is appliedconsisting of the following: 1/4th and one half of Calcium Sulfate, 2 Teaspoons of Sodium Alginate, 1 Teaspoon of Crushed Epsom Salts, 1 Teaspoon of Potassium Chloride (salt substitute) and 3 drops of Visine Extra (peg 400). I am able to increase the voltage to 2 volts by adding 1/4th teaspoon of Lithium and 1/4th teaspoon of Benzotriazole (an ion booster). Powdered Graphite also seems to boost the energy flow and further experiments will yield the best amount to use. Benzotriazole has a 2 fold effect, it boosts the ionic flow and it helps hold together the graphite in the paste. When adding graphite without the Benzotriazole, the tan paste “crumbles” away and has no stability.. This is thoroughly mixed with drops of distilled water, which is than “kneaded” in the hands to create a “playdough” texture. When the tan paste has fully dried it will have a soft, rubbery feel, which is highly conductive for ionic forces (electrostatic), which the magnesium ribbon coverts d.c. voltage.

Next a thin flexible copper sheet has a copper wire extending from it which will serve as the positive electrode. This copper sheet is wrapped around the “tan paste” (with the magnesium rode in the center) and black electrical tape is wound throughout to keep it secure. Next the cells are wired in series and petroleum jelly is smeared all over the cell exterior to keep out moisture. The cells are next put into a glass bottle that has aluminium foil or other reflective material to keep out moisture.

Pyrite and Galena or other sulfurous oxides work just as well, but early tests revealed that they corroded the magnesium due to their sulfuric acidic structure. An alkaline based composite with an porus air-gap creates a much more stable ionic flow (conductor), rather than an destructive acidic one to create d.c. current.